BPH – Enlarged Prostate
Beginning at about age 40, hormonal changes cause the number of cells in a man’s prostate to increase causing the prostate to grow and constrict the urine tube that runs through its center. An enlarged prostate, also know as benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH, is not cancerous, but over time it can cause bothersome urinary symptoms.
Testing and Treatment
A man’s feelings about his symptoms are a major factor in determining the most appropriate treatment. If the man is extremely unhappy with his symptoms, he may elect a more aggressive, immediate form of therapy. If he is only mildly bothered but still wishes to pursue treatment, he may elect to use medications.
To quantify the effect of urinary symptoms on a man’s quality of life, urologists use a symptom questionnaire developed by the American Urological Association. The higher the score on the questionnaire, the more likely the patient needs aggressive treatment.